Open Access

Table 1.

Impacts of the challenges on car and production technology.

Challenge Impact on cars Impact on automotive production
Individualization Many derivatives; platform approaches Complexity; new processes such as 3D-printing
Regulation Improved combustion engines; alternative (electric) powertrains; advanced lightweight materials and multi-material-approaches; improved aerodynamics; assistance systems Micro-structured surfaces and micro-drilling; new processes for manufacturing of batteries, fuel-cells; joining of new materials and material-mixtures; flexible approaches in body-in-white production
ICT Autonomous driving; connectivity in all dimensions Smart manufacturing/Industrie 4.0: scalable model-mix-lines, operational excellence, assistance systems for worker

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