Analysis of the state of starting material working principle for AM processes .
|State of starting material||Process||Material preparation||Layer creation method||Typical materials||Applications|
|Filament||FDM||Melted in nozzle||Continuous extrusion & deposition||Thermoplastics, waxes||Prototypes, casting patterns|
|Robocasting||Paste in nozzle||Continuous extrusion||Ceramic paste||Functional parts|
|Liquid||SLA||Resin in a vat||Laser scanning||UV curable resin, ceramic suspension||Prototypes, casting patterns|
|MJM||Polymer in jet||Ink-jet printing||Acrylic plastic, wax||Prototypes, casting patterns|
|SLS||Powder in bed||Laser scanning||Thermoplastics, waxes, metal powder, ceramic powder||Prototypes, casting patterns, metal and ceramic|
|SLM||Powder in bed||Laser scanning||Metal||Tooling, functional parts|
|Powder||EBM||Powder in bed||Electron beams scanning||Metal||Tooling, functional parts|
|3DP||Powder in bed||Drop-on-demand binder printing||Polymer, metal, ceramic, other powders||Prototypes, casting shells, tooling|
|Solid sheet||LOM||Laser cutting||Feeding and binding of sheets with adhesives||Paper, plastic, metal||Prototypes, casting models|
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