Open Access

Table 1

Current in-use typical riveting technologies in an aircraft.

Automation Method Presence (roughly) Advantages &
• Disadvantages
Manual Hand riveting N/A ➢Convenient
Poor stable quality
All kinds of riveting structures
Semi-automation Percussive riveting 1900s [10] ➢Convenient
Poor quality stability
Low efficiency
High noise
All kinds of riveting structures, even not open and more complex structures
Pressure riveting 1900s [12] ➢Stable quality
➢Good surface quality
➢High efficiency and good working conditions
Limited applications by structure type
Bulky riveting equipment
Better Open components, such as ribs, frames, beams, panels
Automation Auto-drilling riveting 1950s [15] ➢High riveting quality
➢High efficiency
➢Good working condition
Complicated equipment and high cost
Better open components, such as ribs, frames, beams and panels
Electro-magnetic riveting 1970s [16] ➢Uniform riveted interface
➢High fatigue life
➢No need for finishing holes and large tonnage riveting press
➢Small workpiece deformation
Complex equipment
Short life and big noise
Titanium alloy, Alloy steel, Composites

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