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Table 1

Timelines and major contribution to additive manufacturing since its inception.

Year Major contribution to additive manufacturing
1981 First rapid prototyping
1984 First stereolithography (SLA) prototype
1991 First fused deposition modelling (FDM) machine operationalized
1992 First SLA 3D printer operationalized
1997 Operationalized first laser additive manufacturing system
2000 First 3D Inkjet printer
2001 First desktop 3D printer
2002 First miniature kidney was printed
2005 Replicating rapid project for low-cost 3D printers
2008 First 3D prosthetic leg printed
2009 First 3D printed blood vessel
2010 First Prusa Mendel 3D printer
2011 First 3D printed edible food
2012 First 3D printed jaw
2013 First 3D printed rocket parts
2014 First zero-gravity 3D printer
2015 Ultrafast clip 3D printer
2016 3D printed bone
2017 3D printed farms
2018 3D printed glass
2019 First 3D printed human heart
2020– Optimization of mechanical properties and heat treatment behaviour

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