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Table 4

The values of a, b, and S of bottom circular arcs obtained from FE simulations or experiments.

  In the 0° direction In the 45° direction



  Flat plate Thickened plate (L = 112 mm, θ = 30°, T = 2.5 mm) Flat plate Thickened plate (L = 112 mm, θ = 30°, T = 2.5 mm)
FEM
results
a = 15.6 mm a = 1.6 mm a = 17.8 mm a = 4.5 mm
b = 14.7 mm b = 1.2 mm b = 16.7 mm b = 4.2 mm
S = 114.66 mm2 S = 0.96 mm2 S = 148.63 mm2 S = 9.45 mm2
Experimental
results
a = 15.3 mm a = 1.5mm a = 17.5 mm a = 4.4 mm
b = 14.6 mm b = 1.2 mm b = 16.8 mm b = 4.1 mm
S = 111.69 mm2 S = 0.90 mm2 S = 147.00 mm2 S = 9.02 mm2

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