Volume 5, 2018
|Number of page(s)||14|
|Published online||16 July 2018|
The methodologies and strategies for the development of novel material systems and coatings for applications in extreme environments − a critical review
Commisariat à l'Energie Atomique et aux Energies Alternatives, Laboratoire d'Innovation pour les Technologies des Energies Nouvelles CEA-LITEN,
17 rue des Martyrs,
Grenoble Cedex 9, France
2 Agenzia Nazionale per le Nuove Technologie, l'Energia e lo Sviluppo Economico Sostenabile-ENEA, Casaccia Research Centre, Via Anguillarese 301, 00123 Rome, Italy
3 ICAMCyL Foundation, 24492 Cubillos del Sil (León), Spain
4 National R&D Institute for Nonferrous and Rare Metals-IMNR, 102 Biruintei Blvd., 077145 Pantelimon-Ilfov, Romania
5 Kungliga Tekniska Hoegskolan, Brinellvagen 8, 10044 Stockholm, Sweden
6 Centre for Precision Manufacturing, Dept. of DMEM, The University of Strathclyde, 75 Montrose Street, Glasgow G1 1XJ, UK
7 CNRS, Univ. Bordeaux, ICMCB, UMR 5026, 33608 Pessac, France
* e-mail: email@example.com
Accepted: 13 March 2018
The aim of this paper is to present a critical analysis of existing methodologies, approaches and strategies used to develop materials systems and coatings for uses in extreme environments. The extreme or harsh conditions encompass a large variety of in-service forms such as: extreme temperatures, abrasion, corrosion, impact and radiation that can exist in various applications such as those associated with aerospace and aeronautical engineering, land and marine transport, manufacturing machinery, and even microelectronics products. This article describes how working environment and required service performance of a particular part or structure could affect the choice of materials and surfaces to which it is composed. In addition, the paper explains the relevance that abusive working environments have for industry, especially relating to their costs, being followed by an overview of surface deposition approaches that are currently popularly used to improve performance of mechanical devices that need to combat adverse conditions. Finally, a material system and three kinds of protective coatings that could be used in applications in extreme conditions are described. The critical review is an outcome of the strategic review from the EU H2020 SUPERMAT project which deals with materials and manufacture for the products/structural parts used in extreme conditions.
Key words: extreme environment / material system / surface treatment / coating / economic impacts / case study
© M. Urbina et al., Published by EDP Sciences 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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