Volume 8, 2021
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||30 March 2021|
Influence of aluminium content on the microstructure and densification of spark plasma sintered nickel aluminium bronze
Centre for Nanomechanics and Tribocorrosion, Department of Metallurgy, School of Mining, Metallurgy and Chemical Engineering, University of Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa
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Accepted: 14 February 2021
In this study, nickel aluminium bronze alloys (NAB) with appreciable densification and improved microhardness was consolidated via spark plasma sintering technique. The NAB alloy was synthesized from starting elemental powders comprised nickel (4 wt.%), aluminium (6, 8 & 10 wt.%) and copper using dry milling technique. Starting powders were homogeneously milled using gentle ball mill for 8 h at a speed of 150 rpm and a BPR of 10:1. Subsequently, the milled powders were consolidated using the spark plasma sintering technique at 750 °C under a compressive pressure of 50 MPa and rate of heating (100 °C/min). Furthermore, the powders and sintered alloys were characterized using SEM and XRD to ascertain the microstructural and phase evolutions during the synthesis of the NAB. The density and microhardness of the alloys were further investigated to ascertain the integrity of the sintered alloys. The results indicated that the increase in aluminium content resulted in the formation of intermetallic and beta phases on the alloy after sintering and the microhardness of the alloys improved with the increase in aluminium content.
Key words: Spark plasma sintering / nickel aluminium bronze / microstructure / densification / hardness
© A.M. Okoro et al., Published by EDP Sciences 2021
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