Open Access

Table 3.

Summary of research in the application of vegetable oils-based MWFs for machining processes.

Machining process Workpiece material Tool material Type of cutting fluid Investigation Author(s)
Turning AISI 4340 steel Coated carbide Palm kernel and cottonseed oil-in-water emulsions and mineral oil emulsion Cutting force and surface roughness Lawal et al. [25]
Turning AISI 304 steel Carbide Coconut oil, emulsion and neat cutting oil immiscible with water Tool wear and surface roughness Xavior and Adithan [26]
Turning AISI 9310 steel Uncoated carbide Vegetable oil (type not specified) Temperature, chip formation, tool wear and surface roughness Khan et al. [27]
Turning Mild steel, aluminum and copper Tungsten carbide Groundnut, coconut, palm kernel and shear butter oils Cutting force Ojolo et al. [28]
Turning Mild steel, brass and aluminum HSS Palm kernel oil Cutting force Ojolo and Ohunakin [30]
Turning AISI 1040 steel Cemented carbide SAE – 40 and coconut oil Temperature,flank wear and surface roughness Krishna et al. [31]
Drilling AISI 316L steel HSS tool Rape seed oil and mineral oil Tool life, cutting force and chip formation Belluco and De Chiffre [32]
Drilling AISI 304 steel HSS- E Sunflower oil and mineral oil Surface roughness and thrust force Kuram et al. [34]
Drilling Titanium alloys (Ti-6Al-4 V Carbide coated with AlTiN Palm kernel oil and synthetic ester Thrust force, torque and temperature Rahim and Sasahara [44]
Grinding SAE 1020 steel Cubic Boron Nitride (CBN) tool Vegetable oil and semi-synthetic oil Wheel wear, workpiece roughness Alves and Oliveira [45]
Grinding 100Cr6 steel CBN Mineral oil, rape seed oil, palm kernel oil, animal oil and cooking oil Workpiece roughness, ecological and cost assessment Hermmann et al. [46]
Milling AISI 420 steel Carbide-TiAIN and AIT Palm kernel oil Cutting force, tool life and surface roughness Sharif et al. [47]
Milling AISI 304 steel HM90 APKT, 100304PDR IC908 Canola oil and sunflower oil Tool wear and cutting force Kuram et al. [43]

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