Summary of research in the application of vegetable oils-based MWFs for machining processes.
|Machining process||Workpiece material||Tool material||Type of cutting fluid||Investigation||Author(s)|
|Turning||AISI 4340 steel||Coated carbide||Palm kernel and cottonseed oil-in-water emulsions and mineral oil emulsion||Cutting force and surface roughness||Lawal et al. |
|Turning||AISI 304 steel||Carbide||Coconut oil, emulsion and neat cutting oil immiscible with water||Tool wear and surface roughness||Xavior and Adithan |
|Turning||AISI 9310 steel||Uncoated carbide||Vegetable oil (type not specified)||Temperature, chip formation, tool wear and surface roughness||Khan et al. |
|Turning||Mild steel, aluminum and copper||Tungsten carbide||Groundnut, coconut, palm kernel and shear butter oils||Cutting force||Ojolo et al. |
|Turning||Mild steel, brass and aluminum||HSS||Palm kernel oil||Cutting force||Ojolo and Ohunakin |
|Turning||AISI 1040 steel||Cemented carbide||SAE – 40 and coconut oil||Temperature,flank wear and surface roughness||Krishna et al. |
|Drilling||AISI 316L steel||HSS tool||Rape seed oil and mineral oil||Tool life, cutting force and chip formation||Belluco and De Chiffre |
|Drilling||AISI 304 steel||HSS- E||Sunflower oil and mineral oil||Surface roughness and thrust force||Kuram et al. |
|Drilling||Titanium alloys (Ti-6Al-4 V||Carbide coated with AlTiN||Palm kernel oil and synthetic ester||Thrust force, torque and temperature||Rahim and Sasahara |
|Grinding||SAE 1020 steel||Cubic Boron Nitride (CBN) tool||Vegetable oil and semi-synthetic oil||Wheel wear, workpiece roughness||Alves and Oliveira |
|Grinding||100Cr6 steel||CBN||Mineral oil, rape seed oil, palm kernel oil, animal oil and cooking oil||Workpiece roughness, ecological and cost assessment||Hermmann et al. |
|Milling||AISI 420 steel||Carbide-TiAIN and AIT||Palm kernel oil||Cutting force, tool life and surface roughness||Sharif et al. |
|Milling||AISI 304 steel||HM90 APKT, 100304PDR IC908||Canola oil and sunflower oil||Tool wear and cutting force||Kuram et al. |
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