Advantages and disadvantages of TES .
|Sensible heat storage||Relatively inexpensive||Large volumes are necessary|
|Low energy density|
|Design to discharge thermal energy at constant temperatures|
|PCM and TCS||3 times and 5 times higher energy density comparing to sensible heat storage; reduce CO2 emissions||Expensive; feasible for a high number of cycles|
|Barriers to entry on the market: cost improvements in terms of stability of storage performance and materials properties are necessary for both PCM and TCS.|
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