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Table 1

Advantages and disadvantages of TES [3].

TES Advantages Disadvantages
Sensible heat storage Relatively inexpensive Large volumes are necessary
Low energy density
Design to discharge thermal energy at constant temperatures
PCM and TCS 3 times and 5 times higher energy density comparing to sensible heat storage; reduce CO2 emissions Expensive; feasible for a high number of cycles
Barriers to entry on the market: cost improvements in terms of stability of storage performance and materials properties are necessary for both PCM and TCS.

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