Open Access

Table 2

List of some research projects funded by the European Commission related with PCM thermal energy storage.

Project Programme Description
Energy Storage for Direct Steam Solar Power Plants (DISTOR) FP6-2002-ENERGY-1. 2004–2007 Development of thermal storage systems using phase change materials (PCM) in the temperature range from 230 °C to 330 °C for systems using steam between 30 and 100 bar
Novel Efficient Solid Storage for H2 (NESSHY) FP6 Integrated project. SES6-518271 (2006–2011) The project aims at developing novel materials, storage methods and fabrication processes that provide the energy density and the charge/discharge, storage/restitution rates necessary for mobile applications with spin-offs in stationary systems. To identify the most promising solid storage solutions for such applications.
New Solar Collector FP7 2010–2013. Grant agreement: 256830 The project is based on the research and development of a solar receiver that will increase the parabolic-trough efficiency, reaching an operating temperature of the heat transfer fluid above the current limit of 400° C
Concept for High
Temperature Operation
in CSP applications (HITECO)
Innovative configuration for a fully renewable hybrid CSP plant (HYSOL) FP7-ENERGY-2012-1-2STAGE. Grant agreement: 308912 (2013–2016) Renewable energies have often problems in order to provide a stable and reliable power supply, as they often depend on meteorological circumstances that have a variable or stochastic component. This fact is often used by their detractors to favour the use of other alternatives such as fossil fuels.
High temperature thermal energy storage by Reversible thermochemical Reaction (STORRE) FP7-ENERGY-2011-1. Grant agreement: 282677 (2012–2016) Proposal concerns the area of thermal energy storage by chemical reaction for CSP. The objective is to develop a new solution for the heat storage with the following characteristics: Mid-term to long-term heat storage; High storage density; High temperatures (300–550°C), which are representative of the CSP plants with cylinder-parabolic or CLFR technologies
Redox Materials-based Structured Reactors/Heat Exchangers for Thermo-Chemical Heat Storage Systems in Concentrated Solar Power Plants (RESTRUCTURE) FP7-ENERGY-2011-1. Grant agreement: 283015 (2011–2015) Thermo chemical storage (TCS) involves the exploitation of the heat effects of reversible chemical reactions for the “storage” of solar heat. Among gas–solid reactions proposed for such an approach the utilization of a pair of redox reactions involving multivalent solid oxides has several inherent advantages that make it attractive for large-scale deployment
Concentrated Solar Power in Particles (CSP2) FP7-ENERGY-2011-1. Grant agreement: 282932 (2011–2015) The CSP2 project puts forward an alternative heat transfer fluid (HTF) for concentrating solar power (CSP) plants. The use of dense gas-particle suspensions in tubes as HTF is proposed
Thermochemical Energy Storage for Concentrated Solar Power Plants (TCSPOWER) FP7-ENERGY-2011-1. Grant agreement: 282889 (2011–2015) The objective is to realise a new, efficient, reliable and economic thermochemical energy storage (TCS) for CSP, with the capability to contribute significantly to further cost reduction of regenerative electricity production. This will be achieved by applying reversible gas–solid reactions. Dissociation of calcium hydroxide is used for storing thermal energy in 450 and 550 °C
Optimization of a thermal energy storage system with integrated steam generator (OPTS) FP7-ENERGY-2011-1. Grant agreement: 283138 (2011–2014) OPTS project aims at developing a new TES system based on single tank configuration using stratifying Molten Salts as heat storage medium at 550 °C, integrated with a Steam Generator (SG), to provide efficient, reliable and economic energy storage for the next generation of trough and tower plants
SAM.SSA − Sugar Alcohol based Materials for Seasonal Storage Applications FP7-ENERGY-2011-2. Grant agreement: 296006 (2012–2015) The project aims at developing new PCM for thermal energy seasonal storage applications in the range of medium temperatures. The generated materials provide: -Low cost, environmentally sound and safe solutions for seasonal storage applications, -Easy adjustment of the melting point for optimal “tuning” to the required applications, -Energy densities > 200 kWh/m3 for compact storage

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