Open Access

Table 2

Summary of material types associated with extreme requirements and corresponding applications [1].

Extreme environement Extreme condition Type of materials Application
Corrosion Corrosive Environments Smart coatings (organic, inorganic or hybrid): Self-healing, antifouling, super-hydrophobic Radar systems, satellites, laptops, mobile phones, solar panels, medical devices and implants, invisible paints, furniture, automotive, etc.
Highly Corrosive Solutions Diamond Like Carbon Photo thermal converters of solar energy, Medical prostheses, Mechanical cutting tools [4]
Temperature Vacuum and High-Temperature Applications Glasses and Glass-Ceramics Solid Oxide Fuel Cells [5]
High Temperature Applications Intermetallic and Alloys Aero-engines, automotive
Very low Temperature   Fibre bragg gratings
Ultrahigh Temperatures Refractory Materials High-temperature furnaces, manufacturing tools, thermal shields, engines, reactors.
Friction Wear Protective Hard Coatings (Carbides, Ceramics, Tufflon and Traclon) Tribological applications
Shock Waves Visco-elastic polymers Impact protection
Shock high acceleration   Military applications, measurement devices
High Pressure Multi-ferroics materials alternative membrane material AC/DC magnetic field sensors photovoltaic multiferroic solar cell sensors for automotive and process industries
Space extreme conditions High-Radiation Fields Diamond Like Carbon MEMs
Radiation Radiation-Tolerant Oxides Semiconductors sensors, transistors
High Magnetic Field Magnetoelastic Materials Sensors [6]
High Electric Field Ceramic dielectrics Satellites, space-borne weapons

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