Table 2

Properties of the IFSW kW-class-ps laser system and the helical drilling optics.

IFSW kW-ps laser [7]
Pulse duration 8 ps
Wavelength 1030 nm
Average power ≤650 W
Max. pulse energy ≤2.2 mJ
Repetition rate ≤300 kHz
M2 <1.3
Polarization Linear
Collimated beam diameter 5.2 mm
Helical drilling optics (GL-Trepan, GFH GmbH)
Rotation speed 0–30 000 rpm
Hole diameters 0–1500 μm
Inclination angle 0−4°
Focusing and ablation threshold
Focal length 400 mm
Focus diameter 140 μm
Polarization Circular
Focus position On the surface
Max. fluence 15 J/cm2
Ablation threshold (steel, 8 ps, 1030 nm) 0.1 J/cm2

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