Open Access

Table 2

Time estimated for automatic operations on a CFRP and thermoplastic compound panel with 1500 holes using 9 mm grip Hi-lite fasteners.

Assembly operations Percentage of time Per hole
Drilling: 3.1 mm diameter hole 0.07 2.04 s
Diameter increasing from 3.1 to 4.0 mm 0.06 1.93 s
Diameter increasing from 4.0 to 4.8 mm 0.06 1.93 s
Countersinking 0.12 3.54 s
Sealing and riveting 0.55 16.38 s
Inspection 0.14 4.19 s
Total time 1.00 30 s

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