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Table 4

Components by weight of miscible water cutting fluid based vegetable oils [30].

Mumerical order Material Percentage (%) Mumerical order Material Percentage (%)
1 Vegetable oils 5–20 6 Anti-rust agents 0–3
2 Synthetic esters of vegetable oils 15–35 7 Extreme pressure agents 0–3
3 Waters 5–15 8 Aseptic 0–2
4 Emulsifying agents 2–12 9 Defoamer 0–2
5 Dispersing agents 0–2 10 Alkaline reserve 15–30

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