Volume 6, 2019
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Published online||22 February 2019|
Inspection of the residual stress on welds using laser ultrasonic supported with finite element analysis
The Georgia W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332, USA
* e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 18 January 2019
Ultrasonic evaluation for residual stress measurement has been an effective method owing to its easy implementation, low cost and intrinsically being nondestructive. The velocity variations of acoustic waves in materials can be related to the stress state in the deformed medium by the acoustoelastic effects. In this study, a laser/EMAT ultrasonic method is proposed to evaluate the surface/subsurface longitudinal residual stress distribution generated by gas metal arc welding (GMAW). The velocity variation ΔV/V of Rayleigh wave, which is a surface wave, will be experimentally measured. Q-Switched Nd:YAG laser is used to generate a broadband ultrasonic wave. An electromagnetic acoustic transducer (EMAT) is attached to the welding plate for Rayleigh wave pick up. As the ultrasound receiver, the EMAT is used to measure time of flight (ToF) of the Rayleigh waves traveling along a specific path parallel to the direction of the welding seam. ToF measurements are obtained by changing Rayleigh wave path to welding zone center distance from 0 to 45 mm. A 3D thermomechanical-coupled finite element model is then developed to validate the capability of the proposed technique for welding-induced residual stress evaluation. The distributions of the normalized velocity variations from ToF experiments are compared with the distribution of the normalized longitudinal residual stresses from finite element analysis (FEA). It has been shown that there is a good correlation between these two distributions. The proposed technique provides a potential nondestructive avenue for surface/subsurface residual stress evaluation for welding parts.
Key words: Nondestructive testing / residual stress / laser ultrasonics / electromagnetic acoustic transducer / finite element analysis
© C. Ye et al., Published by EDP Sciences 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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