Volume 8, 2021
|Number of page(s)||17|
|Published online||29 April 2021|
A review of the techniques used to characterize laser sintering of polymeric powders for use and re-use in additive manufacturing
Central University of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Built Environment and Information Technology, Department of Mechanical and Mechatronics Engineering, Private Bag X20539, Bloemfontein 9300, South Africa
* e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 6 April 2021
Additive manufacturing (AM), is one of the key components of the 4th industrial revolution. Polymer laser sintering (PLS) is a subset of AM that is commonly used to process polymers, and which achieves good surface finish, good mechanical properties of finished products and for which there is no need for support structures. However, the requirements for polymeric powder for PLS are strident. Moreover, PLS subjects polymeric feed powders to high temperatures that lead to degradation of their thermal, rheological, and physical properties and is thus an impediment to their recyclability. Therefore, it is imperative to investigate the degree of polymer degradation or aging before re-using the material. This paper reviews the common techniques that are employed to characterize the suitability of polymeric powders for use and re-use in the PLS process. These include, but are not limited to, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), laser diffraction analysis, gas pycnometry, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and melt flow index (MFI) testing.
Key words: Additive manufacturing / characterization of LS polymeric powder / re-use of polymeric powder / LS
© F.M. Mwania et al., Published by EDP Sciences 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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