Volume 10, 2023
|Number of page(s)||22|
|Published online||27 June 2023|
A comprehensive review on the deformation behavior of refractory high entropy alloys at elevated temperatures
School of Chemical and Metallurgical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and the Built Environment, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
2 DSI-NRF Centre of Excellence in Strong Materials, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
3 Academic Development Unit, Faculty of Engineering and the Built Environment, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
4 Mechanical Engineering Department, Faculty of Air Engineering, Air Force Institute of Technology, Kaduna, Nigeria
5 Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Federal University of Technology Akure, Nigeria
* e-mail: email@example.com
Accepted: 19 April 2023
Thermo-mechanical processing of refractory high entropy alloys (RHEAs) at high temperatures is very important. It is an effective method of modifying the microstructure, properties, and shaping into final components after casting. Using the Scopus database, 57 articles relating to the hot deformation of refractory high entropy alloys were extracted from 2011 to 2022. Despite the limited number of articles on hot deformation of RHEAs, it is important to find out if the dominant softening mechanisms reported in other metallic alloys are evident. This is the main impetus for this study since the hot deformation behavior has not been comprehensively studied. All the probable mechanisms influencing deformation in metallic alloys, such as work hardening, dynamic recrystallization, and dynamic recovery, have also been observed in RHEAs. The bulging phenomenon, serrated grain boundaries, and necklace-like structures reported in metallic alloys have also been detected in hot deformed RHEAs. Unsafe deformation behavior such as cracks that have been reported in metallic alloys, have also been observed in RHEAs. This review has provided a comprehensive study on the hot working processes of RHEAs and highlighted critical gaps for future research direction with some suggested limitations.
Key words: Softening mechanism / refractory high entropy alloy / hot deformation / flow stress / microstructural evolution
© O.S. Bamisaye et al., Published by EDP Sciences 2023
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